Human Trafficking Prevention Guidelines for Health Care Providers

Human trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery that occurs every day in the United States. From December 7, 2007 to December 31, 2016, the National Human Trafficking Resource Center identified 240 calls and cases of human trafficking in Baltimore and 596 calls and cases in Washington, D.C., which was ranked No. 1 for number of calls received per capita. In 2018, the National Human Trafficking Hotline identified 314 victims, 102 traffickers, and 44 trafficking businesses in Maryland.

Research shows victims of human trafficking often seek medical care while they are being exploited. One study found that 81% of domestic minor sex trafficking survivors interacted with a medical provider the year prior to their identification and referral to service providers. With training, health care providers are uniquely positioned to recognize the signs of trafficking, provide support and connect survivors with resources in the community through victim service agencies.

The Human Trafficking: Guidelines for Health Care Providers builds upon the work of the Maryland Human Trafficking Task Force’s medical subcommittee, which created the state’s first protocol in 2015. The updated guidelines have been crafted to reflect current national best practices, and promote the use of trauma-informed care, addressing human trafficking from a multi-disciplinary response. These guidelines are intended to equip caregivers and hospitals with accessible tools to help meet the needs of the survivors that access the health care system every day. Additional resources are provided from local, state and national organizations. The guidelines and resources will continue to be updated as new research and best practice become available.

For more information about how your hospital can establish a response for human trafficking or to submit your own resources to share on this page, please contact Jane Krienke.

Forced Labor in Health Care Supply Chains- Resources for Hospitals

In response to the 2021 National Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking, there is a national focus on ensuring supply chains are free of forced labor, including health care supply chains. The American Hospital Association, in partnership with Jones Day Law Firm and HEAL (Health, Education, Advocacy, Linkage) Trafficking, hosted a regional convening in May 2023 focused on what hospital leaders need to know. Many resources have been developed to guide hospital leaders in identifying and preventing forced labor of goods and services in their health care supply chains.

Maryland Human Trafficking Training for Healthcare Providers

View the slides for the training video: SIRV Guidelines: Training for Healthcare Providers


The University of Maryland Support, Advocacy, Freedom, and Empowerment (SAFE) Center for Human Trafficking Survivors has generously offered to deliver free training to hospital staff on human trafficking prevention and identification. Contact Sophie Aron, Research and Program Coordinator, for questions or to schedule a training.

Youth-Specific Resources

Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Shared Decision Making with Child Trafficking Survivors

Mandated Reporting

Department of Human Services Locate Your Local Department of Social Services Office
Department of Human Services Steps for Filing a Mandated Report, DHR/SSA 180 Form

Maryland Regional Navigator Program

Governor’s Office of Crime Prevention, Youth, and Victim Services Child Sex Trafficking Screening and Services Act Regional Navigator Program (RNPG)


Resources from Members

GBMC HealthCare System Human Trafficking Training & Policy Development
GBMC HealthCare System GBMC Identifying, Responding to Human Sex Trafficking


Online Training & Resources

 ASPR Human Trafficking, What Disaster Responders Need To Know
Office on Trafficking in Persons (OTIP) Core Competencies for Anti-Trafficking Response in Healthcare Systems Released
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office on Trafficking in Persons - SOAR Online
Health Care Provider Online Trainings Approved Human Trafficking Courses for Health Care Practitioners